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Comparative Study

| Published: January 31, 2019

Life Skills Training Effects on Adjustment and Mental Health in Physical-Motor Disabilities

Maryam Khaksari

M.Sc. Clinical Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology, Roudehen branch of Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Ali Fathi-Ashtiani

Professor, Psychology, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Mokhtar Seifi

Ph.D. Scholar, Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, Karaj branch of Islamic Azad University, Iran

Raheleh Abolghasemi-Hedeshi

M.Sc. in Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology, Garmsar Branch of Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Farah Lotfi-Kashani

Associate Professor in Psychology, Department of Psychology, Roudehen branch of Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Farzad Akbari Helm

Ph.D. Student, Psychology, Department of Psychology, Humboldt University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany

DIP: 18.01.002/20190701

DOI:10.25215/0701.002

ABSTRACT

Life Skills Training in Physical-Motor Disabled (PMD) have been rarely scrutinized in Iranian culture, which makes us to assess that comprehensively.We aimed to examine effectiveness of a life skills training (LST) on adjustment and mental health of physical-motor disabilities (PMD) people. Eleven PMD people attended 10 sessions of the LST, and were followed up for 2 months. The pre-test, post-test and follow-up adjustment and mental health of the groups were measured using Bell\'s adjustment inventory, a general health questionnaire, and compared with PMD control. Significant differences were found between the experimental and control groups regarding the post-test and follow-up overall adjustment and mental health functions. There were significant increase in the post-test scores of home adjustment, follow-up scores of both health and social adjustment, and significant reductions in both post-test and follow-up signs of physical symptoms, anxiety, and insomnia, post-test signs of depression and social dysfunction and failure in the experimental group. The LST improves adjustment and mental health measures of PMD people. However, further confirmatory studies are required.
Responding Author Information

Ali Fathi-Ashtiani @ farzadhelm@gmail.com

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ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

DIP: 18.01.002/20190701

DOI:10.25215/0701.002

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Published in   Volume 07, Issue 1, January-March, 2019