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Comparative Study

| Published: June 25, 2016

Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Mindfulness Training in the Treatment of Adults Who Stutter

Sanjeev Kumar Gupta ,

Clinical Psychologist, Department of Clinical Psychology, All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysuru, Karnataka, India Google Scholar More about the auther

Yashodharakumar G. Y. ,

Clinical Psychologist Grade-II, Department of Clinical Psychology, All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysuru, Karnataka, India Google Scholar More about the auther

Vasudha H. H

M.Phil. Trainee, Department of Clinical Psychology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: 18.01.010/20160303

DOI: 10.25215/0303.010

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Stuttering is a developmental speech disorder with multiple etiological factors. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has shown effectiveness in reducing anxiety symptoms and dysfluent speech in adults who stutter (AWS). So we planned to study the comparative efficacy of CBT and CBT combined with mindfulness training (MT) in AWS. Aim: The aim of this preliminary study was to examine and compare the efficacy of CBT and CBT combined with MT in reducing anxiety symptoms, and dysfluent speech and increasing communication attitude, quality of life, self-esteem and speech fluency in AWS. Method and Materials: A matched two group pretest and posttest interventional design was employed. The sample consisted of ten adults with the diagnosis of stuttering (ICD-10, 1992) who were randomly allotted to Group One (CBT; N=5) and Group Two (CBT+MT; N=5). The therapeutic program included 15-20 sessions of one hour each. Statistical Analysis: Obtained data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test for within the group, before and after intervention comparison and Mann Whitney U Test for between group comparisons. Results: Significant difference in both CBT group and CBT+MT group is observed in the area of communication attitude (U=1.00, p<0.05). Conclusion: The findings of the study show that CBT and CBT+MT are effective in the treatment of AWS, but CBT+MT is more effective than CBT alone.
Responding Author Information

Sanjeev Kumar Gupta @ skgupta1905@gmail.com

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ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

DIP: 18.01.010/20160303

DOI: 10.25215/0303.010

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Published in   Volume 03, Issue 3, April-June, 2016

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