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Comparative Study

| Published: January 30, 2017

Study of Anxiety among Thalassemia Major Adolescent Patients

Dr. Jitendra Mugali ,

Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Gadag Institute of Medical Sciences, Gadag. Karnataka state, India Google Scholar More about the auther

Dr. Mallikarjun Pattanashetti ,

Assistant Professor Department of Pathology, S N Medical College, Bagalkot. Karnataka state, India Google Scholar More about the auther

Dr. Nitin Pattanashetty

Assistant Professor Department of Psychiatry, J N Medical College, Belagavi. Karnataka state, India Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: 18.01.022/20170402

DOI: 10.25215/0402.022

ABSTRACT

Background: Beta (β) thalassemia major is most common monogenic disorder in the world. Transfusion dependent thalassemia major patients are at risk of iron overload and hence its associated complications. Thalassemia is a major sanitary problem not only for the patients and their families but also for each country’s public health systems with regard to treatment expenses including regular injections, iron chelating agents, frequent hospitalizations and other medical consistencies and they are vulnerable to, social and psychological problems. Objectives: To determine prevalence and severity of  anxiety in transfusion dependent Beta thalassemia major patients attending  a tertiary care hospital. Materials and Methods: The study was done at a tertiary care teaching hospital in a tertiary care hospital. Thalassemia major patients who received blood transfusions at 2 to 4 weeks interval in the hospital were included in this study. Clinical assessment of each child was done and psychiatric illness was diagnosed using ICD-10 DCR. Hamilton Anxiety rating scale (HAM-A) were used. Result: Males (80%) outnumbered females (20%) with male to female ratio of 4:1. Nearly half of the study population was aged between 10 to 12 years. Majority of the patients had one blood transfusion per month (91.43%). Out of 31 patients, 25 were males and 6 were females. Age range was 10 -18 years with mean age of 12.45 ± 2.41 years..The prevalence of anxiety was 38.71 % with majority showing mild severity followed by mild to moderate severity. Conclusion: This study help to know the severity of the anxiety in β thalassemia patients who are chronically ill and have prolonged treatment. Early assessment and treatment by psychiatrist will surely help to have good psychological condition.
Responding Author Information

Dr. Mallikarjun Pattanashetti @ drjitendramugali@gmail.com

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ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

DIP: 18.01.022/20170402

DOI: 10.25215/0402.022

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Published in   Volume 04, Issue 2, January-March, 2017

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