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Comparative Study

| Published: March 02, 2018

A Study of Dhat Syndrome- A Culture Bound Syndrome in Nepalese Context

Dhungana M ,

Lecturer, Department of Psychiatry, Devdaha Medical College, Rupandehi, Nepal Google Scholar More about the auther

Ghimire SR ,

Consultant Psychiatrist and Project Manager, Transcultural Psychosocial Organization Nepal (TPO Nepal), Baluwatar, Kathmandu, Nepal Google Scholar More about the auther

Thapa M

Consultant Psychiatrist, Chautari Nepal Health Foundation, Manigram, Rupandehi, Nepal Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: 18.01.043/20180601

DOI: 10.25215/0601.043

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dhat syndrome is generally believed to be a culture-bound which is characterized by excessive preoccupation with loss of “Dhat,” which is generally taken to be representing semen. The study evaluated the symptoms of patient with Dhat syndrome visiting three mental health clinics of Rupandehi district. Methods: This descriptive cross- sectional study was conducted in three different Psychiatry outpatient clinics at Rupandehi district of Nepal. Purposive sampling, a type of non-random sampling was utilized for the study. A total 50 patients with Dhat syndrome were enrolled in the study. A semi-structured Performa containing socio-demographic and Dhat syndrome symptoms related information was filled by respondents after providing written informed consent. Results: The patients were predominantly young adults, male with mean age of 23.1±4.6. Majority of them were in age group 18-25 years, Hindu by religion, living in non-urban areas, family income of 5000-10000 per month, literate and unmarried. A range of psychological and somatic symptoms associated with Dhat syndrome were revealed. Most common symptoms found in the study were excessive worries (96%), tingling sensation of body (86%), weakness (80%), decrease interest (80%), fatigue (76%), depressed mood (74%), and generalized body ache (72%).  Conclusion: Dhat syndrome presented with a range of psychological and somatic symptoms. Any male patient presenting with multiple somatic symptoms must be evaluated for Dhat syndrome and the physician must enquire about the semen loss and the associated beliefs.
Responding Author Information

Dhungana M @ hkps0320@gmail.com

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ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

DIP: 18.01.043/20180601

DOI: 10.25215/0601.043

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Published in   Volume 06, Issue 1, January-March, 2018

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