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Comparative Study

| Published: September 01, 2018

The Relationship between Family Function and Anxiety Mediated of Perceived Behavioral Control in Elderly

Nur Andini Sudirman ,

Department of Psychology, Postgraduate program of Muhammadiyah Malang University, Indonesia Google Scholar More about the auther

Nurul Hidayah ,

Department of Psychology, Faculty Member and Lecturer of Muhammadiyah Malang University, Indonesia Google Scholar More about the auther

Dini Cahyani ,

Department of Psychology, Faculty Member and Lecturer of Muhammadiyah Malang University, Indonesia Google Scholar More about the auther

Latipun

Department of Psychology, Faculty Member and Lecturer of Muhammadiyah Malang University, Indonesia Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: 18.01.046/201806036

DOI: 10.25215/0603.046

ABSTRACT

The elderly is a period of development that begins at age 60 to death. The elderly to review the life that has been lived, retired, and adjusted to new social roles so often the individuals who are at this time feel anxious when experiencing a new one. Anxiety is a vague and unpleasant emotional state accompanied by fear of something, suppressing, and discomfort (Reber & Reber, 2010). The impact of an elderly anxiety is to have poor sleep quality and poor adjustment (Dariah & Okatiranti, 2015; Romas, 2010). Factors that can affect an elderly anxiety are motivation, social support, family support, and family functions (Hughes, Hedtke, & Kendall, 2008; Putri, Zulfitri, & Karim, 2013; Sudiana, 2017). The purpose of this study is to determine the indirect effect of family function on anxiety through perceived behavioral control. The study design using quantitative methods with the type explanatory. Subjects in this study are elderly living with family and aged 60-80 years, amounting to 62 people from various regions in Indonesia. The instruments used are MMFF, GAS, and ACQ. Data analysis using Hayes. The results of this study indicate that there is an indirectly positive influence between family functions on anxiety in the elderly through perceived behavioral control, which means that a well-functioning family can reduce anxiety, but otherwise poor family functions can affect anxiety. Therefore, perceived behavioral control can be a mediator to strengthen the influence of family function to anxiety in the elderly. In addition, the relationship between family function, anxiety, and perceived behavioral control using mediation model not only occurs in children, adolescents, and early adult but also affect the elderly.
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Nur Andini Sudirman @ nurandini95@gmail.com

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ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

DIP: 18.01.046/201806036

DOI: 10.25215/0603.046

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Published in   Volume 06, Issue 3, July-September, 2018

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