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Comparative Study

| Published: June 28, 2018

Effects of Perceived Social Support and Cultural Self-Efficacy on Acculturative Stress of International Postgraduate Students in the United Kingdom

Rhea Mathews

Psychologist, University of Glasgow, Bangalore, India Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: 18.01.091/20180602

DOI: 10.25215/0602.091

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of perceived social support and cultural self-efficacy on acculturative stress of international postgraduate students in the United Kingdom. The study adopted Berry, Kim, Minde & Mok’s (1987) acculturative framework on acculturative stress and examined the relationship between the variables. The study hypothesized that perceived social support and cultural self-efficacy would predict lower levels of acculturative stress among students. Postgraduate students in the United Kingdom (N = 76) completed three surveys measuring the variables; Acculturative Stress Scale for International Students, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and Cultural Self-efficacy for Adolescents. To evaluate the role of the perceived social support and cultural self-efficacy in determining the acculturative stress level of international students, multiple linear regression was employed. Both independent variables exhibited a significant, negative relationship with acculturative stress (p < .001; p < .01). Results describe that cultural self-efficacy and perceived social support significantly predicted acculturative stress (p < .01). Together, the variables accounted for 22% of the variance in acculturative stress scores (adjusted R² = .22), with cultural self-efficacy playing a larger role in predicting the dependent variable. Limitations and implications of the study are noted. The findings of the study are discussed in relation to enhancing international students’ acculturative experience when relocating to a new environment.
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Rhea Mathews @ rheamathews@hotmail.com

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ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

DIP: 18.01.091/20180602

DOI: 10.25215/0602.091

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Published in   Volume 06, Issue 2, April-June, 2018

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