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Categories:      Special Issues
JournalID:      18.01.301/20180602
Editor:      [Author] DR. JENNY RATHOD
ISSN:      2348-5396
Publisher:      RED'SHINE Publication. Inc
Publication date:      16 May 2018
Edition:      Digital
Number of pages:      38
Language:      English
Rating:      4 
Picture:      cover

Shakespeare’s play Hamlet is known for its complexity and psychological depth. It has been seen as the greatest riddle in world literature over the ages. It has been frequently referred to as the Modern Sphinx of literature or even as the Mona Lisa of literature. The reason for this compelling complexity of the play lies in the portrayal of its protagonist., Prince Hamlet of Denmark. Hamlet has been interpreted as a baffling tragic hero by critics and scholar in terms of his psychological intricacies. He has been subjected to close scrutiny for his state of mind, his indecisiveness, his real or feigned madness. Shakesperean critics have given various interpretations of the Hamlet through the ages. But the most interesting interpretations of Hamlet have been made by renowned psychologists such as Sigmund Freud, Ernest Jones and other Freudian and post- Freudian psychologists. This study is an attempt to examine the theories put forward by some of these psychoanalytic critics and analyse the character of Hamlet through the psychoanalytic lens.  The theory of the Oedipus complex, the Orestes Complex, the existence of the id, the ego and the super ego, the claims of the existence of Hamlet’s dark desires in his unconscious mind, his state of melancholy and apparent or real madness have been analysed in this study. The attempt is to show that though these theories offer fresh and modern perspectives on the play, no theory can fully explain the mystery that lies at the heart of the play or do justice to the character of  Hamlet. The play is a great work of art and a psychological interpretation of the play does not in any way attempt to destroy the beauty of this work of Art. Rather it serves to the enrich the readers through its interesting explorations of the psyche of Hamlet. And though psychology as a field of study did not exist during the time of Shakespeare, it has been established beyond any doubt that Shakespeare himself was one of the greatest psychologists in his understanding of the depths of human nature, its intricacies and complexities.

Keywords : Psychoanalysis, The Oedipus Complex, The Orestes Complex, Eros, Thanatos, Id, Ego, Super Ego, Melancholy, Depression, Madness, Guilt, Indecisiveness, Appearance, Reality, Conflict, Tragedy, Adultery, Incest,Murder, Revenge, Repression

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© 2018 IJIP Authors; licensee IJIP. This is an Open Access Research distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any Medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Book owner:      biggpsyche
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