Comparative Study

| Published: January 31, 2019

Hardiness as a Moderation: Gratitude and Life Satisfaction in Students with Disabilities

Afitria Rizkiana

Postgraduate Program,University of Muhammadiyah Malang, East Java, Indonesia

Dimas Setiawan Santoso

Postgraduate Program,University of Muhammadiyah Malang, East Java, Indonesia


Department of Psychology, Faculty Member and Lecturer University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia

DIP: 18.01.008/20190701

DOI: 10.25215/0701.008


The aims of this research is to determine the direct and indirect effects of gratitude on life satisfaction which moderated the hardiness of students with disabilities. The sample for this research consisted of 84 active students with disabilities including deaf, physically disabled, blind, retardation mental, cerebral palsy, mild autism, etc. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling. The scale of the Gratitude Questionnaire for Six Item Form (GQ-6) consisting of 6 items, the Life Satisfaction Scale consisting of 5 items, and the Short Hardiness scale consisting of 30 items was given to the participants of the research. This research uses a quantitative method, the analysis test uses statistical techniques with the MRA test (Moderated Regression Analysis), using the help of SPSS 23. The results of our research indicate that there is a significant positive effect of gratitude on life satisfaction. The role of hardiness as a moderating variable does not strengthen the effect of gratitude on life satisfaction. So that hardiness cannot be used as a moderating variable between gratitude towards life satisfaction.
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ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

DIP: 18.01.008/20190701

DOI: 10.25215/0701.008

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Published in   Volume 07, Issue 1, January-March, 2019