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Cognitive Study

| Published: March 03, 2021

A study of executive function deficits in the cases with alcohol dependence syndrome

Dr. Dharmendra Rajak

Assistant Director of Employment I/C, National Career Service Centre for Differently Abled, Agartala, Ministry of Labour and Employment, Govt. of India., India Google Scholar More about the auther

, Bhagyashree Kar

Assistant Professor & HOD, Dept of Clinical Psychology, Nai Subah, Varanasi, UP., India Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: 18.01.023/20210901

DOI: 10.25215/0901.023

ABSTRACT

Background: Alcohol dependence is a chronic and progressive condition associated with symptoms such as uncontrollable craving as well as repeated use of alcohol. Many studies point out that, alcohol dependence result in impaired executive functioning such as response inhibition, problems of attention, decision-making, problem solving, abstract reasoning and set shifting. The present study was to find out that the alcohol dependence patients showed deficits on executive functioning in comparison to normal control subjects on Wisconsin card sorting test as well as in Comprehensive Trail-making test. Aim: Present study has been undertaken to compare the executive functioning deficits between the alcohol dependence and normal control. Methodology: Present research is a hospital-based group design with total 60 participants. Out of these 60 participants, 30 participants were of alcohol dependence syndrome taken from RINPAS, Kanke, Ranchi and 30 participants were normal control subjects. Tools: Socio-demographic details have been gathered with the help of socio-demographic data sheet. General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) has been used as a screening tool for normal control subjects. Wisconsin card sorting test and Comprehensive Trail-making test have been administered to measure executive functioning of the all the subjects. Result and Conclusion: The present study findings concluded that alcohol dependence patients showed executive functioning deficits in comparison to normal control subjects on Wisconsin card sorting test. Furthermore, in comprehensive Trail-making test patients with alcohol dependent syndrome exhibited more number of trials, less number of correct responses, more mistakes and low conceptual level responses as well high errors when compared with the normal control group.

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Dr. Dharmendra Rajak @ dharmendrarajak5@gmail.com

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Article Overview

ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

18.01.023/20210901

10.25215/0901.023

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Published in   Volume 09, Issue 1, January-March, 2021