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Comparative Study

| Published: March 31, 2019

A Study of Quality of Life and Coping Style among Haemodialysis Patients

Anitha Shivanand

Ramaiah Memeorial Hospital, Bangalore-560054, India Google Scholar More about the auther

, Hemendra Singh

Department of Psychiatry, Ramaiah Medical College and Hospitals, Bangalore-560054, Karnataka, India. Google Scholar More about the auther

, Nandini

Ramaiah Memeorial Hospital, Bangalore-560054, India. Google Scholar More about the auther

, Rakhinya Mallikarjun

Ramaiah Memeorial Hospital, Bangalore-560054, India. Google Scholar More about the auther

, Mahesh Eswarappa

Department of Nephrology, Ramaiah Medical College and Hospitals, Bangalore-560054, Karnataka, India. Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: 18.01.102/20190701

DOI: 10.25215/0701.102

ABSTRACT

Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a significant indicator of how chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects patient’s life. Coping indicates the method used by the patients to encounter a situation and reach the goal. The objective of the study was to assess the quality of life and coping technique among haemodialysis patients. Methodology: The quality of life and coping skills were assessed among the chronic kidney disease patients who were on haemodialysis (HD) from 2 months to 8 years by using the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) and Brief Cope Inventory. The total 90 participants were randomly selected depending on the years of HD they were undergoing. The sample was divided in the three groups who are on dialysis from 2months to 1year –group 1, 1year to 4 year-group 2 and 4years to 8 years-group 3. Results: The results show the scores on all the dimension of QOL deteriorated significantly across the group with the lowest score in group 3.  Active coping (P = 0.005) and denial (P = 0.001) were the significant coping style. Significant correlation was seen between Quality of Life and coping on several dimensions.  Conclusion: The newly diagnosed patients had better coping with the illness compared to the other two groups. There is a progressive decline in the coping across the three groups. Acceptance as well as denial are the coping skill in most of patients. Strategies to improve the patients function with psychological intervention need to be considered.

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Hemendra Singh @ hemendradoc2010@gmail.com

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Article Overview

ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

18.01.102/20190701

10.25215/0701.102

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Published in   Volume 07, Issue 1, January-March, 2019