| Published: December 25, 2015
Anger, Depression and Locus of Control among Heavy Smokers, Cannabis Users and Heroin Addicts
The purpose of the study was to explore relationship and difference in anger, depression, and locus of control among Heavy smokers, cannabis users and heroin addicts along with identifying the determinants of depression. Purposive sampling technique was employed to draw sample. Sample was consisted of 150 male adults between ages ranging from 18 to 36 years who were divided equally in three groups. Participants were recruited from five cities of Punjab. Three assessment tools were used in data collection, Trait Anger Expression Scale (Rashid & Siddiqui, 2005), Siddiqui Shah Depression Scale (Siddiqui & Shah, 1992) and Drug Related Locus of Control (Hall, 2001). Result reveled that Expressive and state anger significantly correlated with depression among three groups. Anger, depression and DRLOC only associated in smokers. MANOVA showed that heroin addicts had very high level of expressive anger and depression than heavy smokers and cannabis users, while significant high anger in as compare to heavy smokers. Expressive anger, quantity of drug intake, DRLOC and quantity of smoking were predicted depression in whole sample. Expressive anger identified as main predictor of depression in smokers, cannabis users and heroin addicts.
This is an Open Access Research distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any Medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
© 2015 I A Mujtaba, F Malik, R Iftikhar
Received: September 30, 2015; Revision Received: October 22, 2015; Accepted: December 25, 2015
Published in Volume 03, Issue 1, October-December, 2015