| Published: June 25, 2016
Current Trends of Geriatric Depression at an Indian Tertiary Care Center
Background: Aging is a progressive process beginning with life & ending with death. There is a massive growth in elderly population & age associated diseases. Depression is frequently associated with aging, associated comorbidities & treatment compliance in this fragile age group. Aims & Objective: To study prevalence of depression in elderly using Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and its associated risk factors. Method: Three hundred elderly (≥60 years) patients were assessed at Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Hospital, Jaipur in an observational, cross sectional study using Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Correlation with associated risk factors were evaluated. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 12.0. Results: Prevalence of depression was 29.3% of which 62 (20.67%) were mildly depressed and 26 (8.67%) were severely depressed. Depression was significantly higher in elderly subjects with comorbid chronic disease (p 0.0001), inadequate sleep (p 0.001), absent social participation (p 0.002) and in those who did not engage themselves in day time work or hobbies (p 0.0002). Conclusions: Depression is common in elderly, its undiagnosed & overlooked. Prevention of risk factors & early diagnosis may significantly reduce morbidity, mortality & improve quality of life.
This is an Open Access Research distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any Medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
© 2016 I A Rajender, K Kanwal, Gaurav R
Received: April 12, 2016; Revision Received: May 14, 2016; Accepted: June 25, 2016
Published in Volume 03, Issue 3, April-June, 2016