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Comparative Study

| Published: June 25, 2016

Current Trends of Geriatric Depression at an Indian Tertiary Care Center

Akash Rajender

Assistant Professor, Department of General Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Hospital, Jaipur Google Scholar More about the auther

, Krishna Kanwal

Professor & Head, Department of Psychiatry, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Hospital, Jaipur Google Scholar More about the auther

, Gaurav R

Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, SMS Medical college, Jaipur Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: 18.01.084/20160303

DOI: 10.25215/0303.084

ABSTRACT

Background: Aging is a progressive process beginning with life & ending with death. There is a massive growth in elderly population & age associated diseases. Depression is frequently associated with aging, associated comorbidities & treatment compliance in this fragile age group. Aims & Objective: To study prevalence of depression in elderly using Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and its associated risk factors. Method: Three hundred elderly (≥60 years) patients were assessed at Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Hospital, Jaipur in an observational, cross sectional study using Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Correlation with associated risk factors were evaluated. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 12.0. Results: Prevalence of depression was 29.3% of which 62 (20.67%) were mildly depressed and 26 (8.67%) were severely depressed. Depression was significantly higher in elderly subjects with comorbid chronic disease (p 0.0001), inadequate sleep (p 0.001), absent social participation (p 0.002) and in those who did not engage themselves in day time work or hobbies (p 0.0002). Conclusions: Depression is common in elderly, its undiagnosed & overlooked. Prevention of risk factors & early diagnosis may significantly reduce morbidity, mortality & improve quality of life.

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Akash Rajender @ drakash5@gmail.com

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ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

DIP: 18.01.084/20160303

DOI: 10.25215/0303.084

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Published in   Volume 03, Issue 3, April-June, 2016

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