| Published: August 03, 2021
Determinants of Anxiety and Depression in Patients with Covid 19 Admitted in a Tertiary Care Hospital of New Delhi, India
Background: COVID 19 pandemic has significantly affected the mental health of patients, especially along with the lockdown crisis. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and determinants associated with depression and anxiety among the patients admitted with moderate COVID 19 in our hospital. Materials and Methods: It was a cross sectional descriptive study done in 100 admitted cases above 18 years of age. A predesigned proforma was filled along with laboratory investigations in fasting state. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS score) was used for the assessment of mental health of these patients. Results: Out of 100 admitted cases with moderate grade severity of COVID-19, the prevalence of anxiety and depression was found to be 31.25% and 47.4% respectively. Both anxiety and depression were found to be associated with low oxygen saturation (less than 85% on room air, higher class of steroids and anticoagulation respectively. Depression was also found to be associated with higher blood sugar and serum creatinine. Anxiety was found to have a direct correlation with high blood sugar, serum transaminases and serum ferritin levels and inverse relationship with use of the drug, ivermectin (p<0.027). Conclusion: Our study proves that there is a high prevalence of anxiety and depression in patients with COVID-19. Ivermectin should be a part of treatment of all moderate (or may be mild) cases suffering with this disease.
This is an Open Access Research distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any Medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
© 2021, Gupta P K, Panesar S, Chawla MPS, Jain P, Murthy S, Prakash O, Mangla S & Kaur G
Received: May 20, 2021; Revision Received: July 21, 2021; Accepted: August 03, 2021
Published in Volume 09, Issue 3, July- September, 2021