| Published: June 28, 2018
Effects of Perceived Social Support and Cultural Self-Efficacy on Acculturative Stress of International Postgraduate Students in the United Kingdom
The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of perceived social support and cultural self-efficacy on acculturative stress of international postgraduate students in the United Kingdom. The study adopted Berry, Kim, Minde & Mok’s (1987) acculturative framework on acculturative stress and examined the relationship between the variables. The study hypothesized that perceived social support and cultural self-efficacy would predict lower levels of acculturative stress among students. Postgraduate students in the United Kingdom (N = 76) completed three surveys measuring the variables; Acculturative Stress Scale for International Students, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and Cultural Self-efficacy for Adolescents. To evaluate the role of the perceived social support and cultural self-efficacy in determining the acculturative stress level of international students, multiple linear regression was employed. Both independent variables exhibited a significant, negative relationship with acculturative stress (p < .001; p < .01). Results describe that cultural self-efficacy and perceived social support significantly predicted acculturative stress (p < .01). Together, the variables accounted for 22% of the variance in acculturative stress scores (adjusted R² = .22), with cultural self-efficacy playing a larger role in predicting the dependent variable. Limitations and implications of the study are noted. The findings of the study are discussed in relation to enhancing international students’ acculturative experience when relocating to a new environment.
This is an Open Access Research distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any Medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
2018 © Mathews, R
Received: May 03, 2018; Revision Received: June 10, 2018; Accepted: June 28, 2018
Published in Volume 06, Issue 2, April-June, 2018