| Published: September 01, 2018
Family caregiver Burden in Bipolar I Disorder and Schizophrenia: A Comparative Study
Objectives: To compare the extent and pattern of caregiver burden in families of bipolar I disorder and Schizophrenia. Materials and methods: Study design: Cross sectional study with internal comparison. Study setting: The study was conducted in the psychiatry outpatient department, Government Medical College Trivandrum, India. Study period: 6 months Study population: Primary care givers, accompanying patients diagnosed as having schizophrenia and bipolar I disorder. Inclusion criteria Cases-Diagnosis of schizophrenia as per DSM IV TR criteria, Diagnosis of bipolar 1 disorder as per DSM-IV TR criteria which includes mania, depression, mixed with/without psychotic features. Patients with their minimum duration of illness 2yrs only were recruited. Only patients who on regular follow up & on maintenance medication were included. Caregiver-Living with the patient in the same environment for at least 12 months & directly involved in giving care to patient.64 caregivers of patients diagnosed with bipolar I disorder and schizophrenia was assessed using Burden Assessment Scale. Results: The study showed that the extent and pattern of burden among caregivers of schizophrenic patients were more than that among bipolar I disorder. The burden was felt more in the areas of physical health, caregiver routine, support of patient, patient behavior, caregiver strategy. Conclusion: The determinant factors that were found to influence caregiver burden in both groups were increased severity of illness, more time spent per day in caregiving.
This is an Open Access Research distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any Medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
2018 Joy, J, Krishnan, S, Jayaprakashan, K. P & Prabhakaran, A
Received: August 08, 2018; Revision Received: August 25, 2018; Accepted: September 01, 2018
Published in Volume 06, Issue 3, July-September, 2018