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| Published: December 28, 2021

Impact of Trauma, Prevalent Interventions, and Help-Seeking Attitudes among Sexual-Assault Survivors: A Systematic Review

Manvi Jain

Member, Research and Development Department, You’re Wonderful Project, New Delhi, India Google Scholar More about the auther

, Sanya Dhawan

Member, Research and Development Department, You’re Wonderful Project, New Delhi, India Google Scholar More about the auther

, Shreya Sharma

Member, Research and Development Department, You’re Wonderful Project, New Delhi, India Google Scholar More about the auther

, Vedantika Sethi

Member, Research and Development Department, You’re Wonderful Project, New Delhi, India Google Scholar More about the auther

, Shraddha Kumar

Member, Research and Development Department, You’re Wonderful Project, New Delhi, India Google Scholar More about the auther

, Niloy

Member, Research and Development Department, You’re Wonderful Project, New Delhi, India Google Scholar More about the auther

, Arushi Chatterjee

Member, Research and Development Department, You’re Wonderful Project, New Delhi, India Google Scholar More about the auther

, Akash Saxena

Founder, Research and Development Department, You’re Wonderful Project, New Delhi, India Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: 18.01.173.20210904

DOI: 10.25215/0904.173

ABSTRACT

As a traumatic life experience, sexual-assault can have a life-long impact on an individual’s overall health, including their psychological well-being. As a traumatic life experience, sexual-assault can have a life-long impact on an individual’s overall health, including their psychological well-being. The goal of this review is to effectively examine the role that trauma plays in the survivors’ well-being and prevalent interventions that facilitate healing and recovery. The paper also seeks to highlight the role played by differences in cultural backgrounds and gender identities in aggravating the trauma associated with sexual violence. Six databases including PubMed, PsychINFO, JSTOR, Wiley Online Library, Academia.edu, and EBSCO were searched for studies on the impact of sexual assault on cisgendered females and transgendered females. The key findings were summarized under three themes: Physical- Impact, Psychological-Impact, and Interventions and Help-seeking attitudes among Sexual- Assault Survivors. The physical-impact of sexual-assault discusses the differences between help- seeking attitudes for physical symptoms and psychological distress, highlighting the common resultant physical symptoms – tension headaches, nausea, back pain, allergies, skin disorders, etc. The psychological-impact points out the subsequent health impact this experience has on the survivors’ well-being and self-image, including depression, PTSD, anxiety, and other such issues. It also highlights the role of self-stigma, cultural differences, and revictimization in aggravating the distress. The importance of legal, medical, mental health and community systems responsible for intervening are discussed under the theme of interventions. Currently, most interventions are focused on providing medical and legal aid. While these social systems also need to be strengthened, the need for developing psychological interventions at par with these systems has also been emphasized upon. Finally, further suggestions for an ecological model have also been discussed.

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Responding Author Information

Vedantika Sethi @ vedantika.sethi@gmail.com

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Article Overview

ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

18.01.173.20210904

10.25215/0904.173

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Published in   Volume 09, Issue 4, October- December, 2021