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Comparative Study

| Published: September 25, 2016

Meritocracy in Education: An Implicit Theory Perspective

Neha Arora

Assistant Professor in Psychology, University of Delhi, Delhi, India Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: 18.01.105/20160304

DOI: 10.25215/0304.105

ABSTRACT

This paper tries to look at the relation between intelligence and meritocracy where the concept of intelligence has legitimized the concept of meritocracy. Viewing intelligence as a stable or fixed entity, the concept of intelligence has legitimized the concept of ‘meritocracy’. In the name of merit based society, a large number of intelligence tests are being developed, thus, categorizing and labeling the individuals on fixed traits. The paper tries to give a unique perspective to meritocracy which has largely stood for long on the entity theory of intelligence which says that intelligence is a fixed trait and that it cannot improve through effort. Borrowing the concept of incremental theory from the implicit theory perspective (Dweck and Leggett, 1988) which posits that intelligence is not a stable entity and can improve through effort, this paper contributes a critic to the concept of meritocracy which stands on the construct of intelligence which is superficial and still struggling to reach a consensus on its definition. The paper provides useful insights to the field of education, psychology and sociology.

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Neha Arora @ neha.arora0309@gmail.com

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ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

18.01.105/20160304

10.25215/0304.105

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Published in   Volume 03, Issue 4, July-September, 2016