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| Published: June 25, 2020

Outbreak of novel corona virus disease (COVID-19): An Indian report from first case to current

Pragati S Dubey

Ph.D. Scholar, Faculty of Dental Science, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India Google Scholar More about the auther

, Dr. Neelam Mittal

Professor, Faculty of Dental Science, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India Google Scholar More about the auther

, Dr. Prabhat Chandra

B.D.S., ITS Dental college, Greater Noida, India Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: 18.01.129/20200802

DOI: 10.25215/0802.129

ABSTRACT

The current spread of COVID-19 has affected entire community worldwide as a consequences major public health situation arises. Outbreak of this disease is still on high rise in the whole world. SARS COV-2 is a kind of Zoonotic infection, which allegedly originated from Bats or Pangolins and further transmitted to humans. In human body corona virus is present in nasopharynx and in salivary secretion. Mostly this virus affects the upper respiratory tract which eventually leads to pneumonia in both lungs.  Novel corona virus occupies the same receptor Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) as that for SAR-COV-2 which results in more affected area such as lung, kidney and heart. It is transmitted through close contact with infected person or by infected area. COVID-19 is a kind of life-threatening infection so the transmission of this disease causes extensive problem for heath care practitioner to reduce the symptoms of infected patients. There is no evidence-based treatment available till date so this situation causes high impact of severity on human life. Prevention against this disease is important for all of us until researchers make any specific vaccine. Sanitization and healthy life style is necessary to avoid the occurrence of this disease. The main objective of this study to provide brief overview of novel corona virus, its types, pathogenesis, symptoms, transmission, diagnosis, treatment options and preventive measures for this disease.

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Pragati S Dubey @ ruchidubey008@gmail.com

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Article Overview

ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

18.01.129/20200802

10.25215/0802.129

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Published in   Volume 08, Issue 2, April- June, 2020