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| Published: March 25, 2014

Person of Issue: B.F. Skinner (1904-1990)

Ankit Patel

Clinical Psychology, Dept. of Psychology, Sardar Patel Uni. Vallabh Vidhyanagar, Gujarat Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: 18.01.001/20140102

DOI: 10.25215/0102.001

ABSTRACT

B. F. Skinner’s entire system is based on operant conditioning.  The organism is in the process of “operating” on the environment, which in ordinary terms means it is bouncing around its world, doing what it does.  During this “operating,” the organism encounters a special kind of stimulus, called a reinforcing stimulus, or simply a reinforcer.  This special stimulus has the effect of increasing the operant — that is, the behavior occurring just before the reinforcer.  This is operant conditioning:  “the behavior is followed by a consequence, and the nature of the consequence modifies the organisms tendency to repeat the behavior in the future.”

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Ankit Patel @ books.ankitpatel@gmail.com

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ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

18.01.001/20140102

10.25215/0102.001

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Published in   Volume 01, Issue 2, January-March, 2014