| Published: September 25, 2020
Pre-Displacement Stressors, PTSD symptoms and general psychological distress: a bi-directional mediation model among displaced women in north-east Nigeria
PTSD symptoms and general psychological distress (GPD) are associated, and individually correlated with pre-displacement stressors among victims of violence and conflict. In a sample of 631 internally displaced women (Mean age = 31.18 ± 8.59), we compared two explanatory mediation models; one with PTSD symptoms severity as a mediator in the association between pre-displacement stressors and GPD, and the other one with GPD as the mediator in the relationship between pre-displacement stressors and PTSD symptoms severity. Outcomes of structural equation modeling analyses indicated that PTSD symptoms severity and GPD were partial mediators of their respective and independent association with pre-displacement stressors. However, PTSD symptoms severity had a larger standardized mediation effect, greater indirect effect percentage, and bigger kappa-squared (k2) effect size compared to GPD. Individual treatments of PTSD symptoms and GPD may have a reciprocal influence on each other. However, initial treatment of PTSD symptoms may foster a better prognosis in the remission of GPD than the other way round.
This is an Open Access Research distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any Medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
© 2020, Ms. Priyanka
Received: June 30, 2020; Revision Received: August 07, 2020; Accepted: September 25, 2020
Published in Volume 08, Issue 3, July-September, 2020