Cognitive Study

| Published: September 25, 2020

Pre-Displacement Stressors, PTSD symptoms and general psychological distress: a bi-directional mediation model among displaced women in north-east Nigeria

Ms. Priyanka

Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Akal University, Talwandi Sabo, Bathinda, India Google Scholar More about the auther

, Ms. Vianna

Research Scholar, Department of Economics, Student of Bareyo University, Nigeria Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: 18.01.022/20200803

DOI: 10.25215/0803.022


PTSD symptoms and general psychological distress (GPD) are associated, and individually correlated with pre-displacement stressors among victims of violence and conflict. In a sample of 631 internally displaced women (Mean age = 31.18 ± 8.59), we compared two explanatory mediation models; one with PTSD symptoms severity as a mediator in the association between pre-displacement stressors and GPD, and the other one with GPD as the mediator in the relationship between pre-displacement stressors and PTSD symptoms severity. Outcomes of structural equation modeling analyses indicated that PTSD symptoms severity and GPD were partial mediators of their respective and independent association with pre-displacement stressors. However, PTSD symptoms severity had a larger standardized mediation effect, greater indirect effect percentage, and bigger kappa-squared (k2) effect size compared to GPD. Individual treatments of PTSD symptoms and GPD may have a reciprocal influence on each other. However, initial treatment of PTSD symptoms may foster a better prognosis in the remission of GPD than the other way round.

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ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429



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Published in   Volume 08, Issue 3, July-September, 2020