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Comparative Study

| Published: May 30, 2017

Prevalence and Pattern of Psychiatric Disorders in School Going Adolescents

Ajitha Cholakottil

Associate Professor and Head of the Department, Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College, Manjeri, Kerala, India Google Scholar More about the auther

, Firoz Kazhungil

Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India Google Scholar More about the auther

, A M Kunhi Koyamu

Professor and Head of the Department, Department of Psychiatry, Malabar Medical College and Research Centre, Modakkallur, Atholi, Calicut, Kerala, India Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: DIP 18.01.074/20170403

DOI: 10.25215/0403.074

ABSTRACT

Background: Studies on prevalence and pattern of psychiatric disorders in adolescents using semi structured interview techniques and sound methodology is limited in developing countries. Knowing the magnitude of problem will help us for policy making. Aim: To study the prevalence and types of psychiatric disorders in school going adolescents Methods and materials: Adolescents from 8th, 9th and 10th standards of four schools in two districts of Kerala were selected by random sampling method. Students with Children Behaviour Questionnaire score (CBQ) more than 9 and their parents were evaluated using DISC-C and DISC-P for psychiatric disorders. Results: 38.3% of disturbed adolescents had psychiatric disorders. Most common psychiatric disorder was conduct disorder (12.5%) followed by oppositional defiant disorder (8.3%), depressive disorder (5%), generalized anxiety disorder (5%) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (3.3%) Conclusions: Psychiatric disorders are highly prevalent in school going adolescents in India. Such a high prevalence should be tackled using appropriate treatment and preventive strategies.

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Ajitha Cholakottil @ drfirozk@gmail.com

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Article Overview

ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

DIP 18.01.074/20170403

10.25215/0403.074

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Published in   Volume 04, Issue 3, April-June, 2017