| Published: May 21, 2019
Recidivism: Effect of Incarnation Length on Offenders: A Review of Literature
Offenders may tend to reoffend once they return back to their community, which has come to be known as prison’s “revolving door.” This review examined the effect of the incarnation on the length of time served in prison on recidivism. A systematic search was conducted utilizing inclusion and exclusion criteria as the method to refine results for literature. The overall findings indicate that the effect of incarceration and sentence length on recidivism is complex and is more likely to be offender-specific. Incarceration and longer confinement were found to increase the risk of recidivism for some offenders. While for other offenders, longer terms of incarceration reduce the likelihood re-offense. Early-release programs however do not appear to have an effect on overall recidivism rates. This literature review also enables to promote employment-led resettlement of offenders, which is ultimately concerned with reducing crime and recidivism.
This is an Open Access Research distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any Medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
© 2019, Kuriakose. M
Received: April 15, 2019; Revision Received: May 17, 2019; Accepted: May 21, 2019
Published in Volume 07, Issue 2, April-June, 2019