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| Published: March 25, 2021

Relation of substance use to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder among undergraduate students: a cross-sectional survey

Dr. Sathiya Priya Ganesan

Junior Resident, Psychiatry, Bhaskar Medical College (BMC), Moinabad, Telangana, India Google Scholar More about the auther

, Dr. Lokesh Kumar. K

Assistant professor, Psychiatry, Bhaskar Medical College (BMC), Moinabad, Telangana, India. Google Scholar More about the auther

, Lt Col Dr. Harihar Chilukuri

Professor & Head of Department, Psychiatry, Bhaskar Medical College (BMC), Moinabad, Telangana, India. Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: 18.01.114/20210901

DOI: 10.25215/0901.114

ABSTRACT

Background: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity. Previous studies had reported a significantly higher lifetime risk for psychoactive substance use disorders in the ADHD adults than the non-ADHD adults. The current study aimed to examine the correlation between ADHD symptoms and substance use among engineering college students. Methodology: This cross-sectional survey included a sample of undergraduate engineering students (N=711). The college students were screened using the Alcohol, Smoking and substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) version 3.0. The ADHD symptoms such as inattention and hyperactivity were assessed by the Adult ADHD self-report scale, Symptom Checklist (ASRS-v1.1) and impulsivity by the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11). Results: The symptoms of ADHD were found to be higher in students with substance use. The pattern of substance use in the study sample: tobacco (12.8%), alcohol (19.3%), marijuana (3.1%), sedatives (2.0%), cocaine (1.3%), opioid (0.7%), amphetamine (0.6%), inhalant (0.6%) and hallucinogens (0.4%). Conclusion: With the bidirectional data on ADHD and substance use disorder (SUD), the present study shows a significant relationship between the symptoms of ADHD and substance use in students.

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Dr. Lokesh Kumar. K @ dhiyablue@gmail.com

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Article Overview

ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

18.01.114/20210901

10.25215/0901.114

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Published in   Volume 09, Issue 1, January-March, 2021