Comparative Study

| Published: June 25, 2016

Relationship between Self-Esteem and Psychological Hardiness in Adolescents: A Relation Design

Bahareh Ghalyanee

M.A in Counseling Psychology, Azad University of Abhar, Iran Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: 18.01.185/20160303

DOI: 10.25215/0303.185


Introduction: Self-esteem is highly important in terms of mental health and personality balance. Psychological hardiness is a general orientation toward self and the surrounding world. Purpose: This study has been done with the aim of investigating the relationship of self-esteem and psychological Hardiness in Adolescents. Method: This study with causal-comparative framework was done in domain of descriptive studies. Therefore eighty (N=70) persons from residents of region 2 and region 5 of Tehran city (ages of 18-35 with average age of 22.7) were selected by multiphasic cluster sampling. The method of data collection was through survey and to this aim two questionnaires of Psychological Hardiness (response rate=0.90) and self-esteem scale (response rate=0.91) were used. The data were analyzed by Pearson parametric correlation test and F-test. Moreover the qualitative data resulting from demographic evaluations were codified and analyzed by analysis instrument of qualitative data i.e. Atlas.ti-5.2. Findings: the findings resulted from data analysis represented that there is significant relationship between spiritual intelligence and marital satisfaction (P<0.05). Conclusion: the findings of this research can be relevant to mainstream research and is hoped to help find new windows of discovery and development.

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ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429



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Published in   Volume 03, Issue 3, April-June, 2016