Comparative Study

| Published: December 25, 2014

The Impact of Gender and Area of Residence on Adjustment of Retired Old Person

Dr. Bharat H Mimrot

Asst.Prof. & Head Dept. of Psychology, NKSPT’s Arts, Science & comm. College, Badnapur, Dist.Jalna, Affiliated to Dr.B.A.M. University, Aurangabad. (M.S), India Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: 18.01.062/20140201

DOI: 10.25215/0201.062


Age sixty is usually considered the dividing line between middle and old age. Old age is the closing period in the life span. It is a stage when people move away from previous more desirable period to less desirable period. The unfavorable social attitudes towards the elderly are reflected in the way the social group treats them. It is not surprising that many elderly people develop unfavorable self concepts. These tend to be expressed in maladjustive behavior. 
The main aim of present research is focused on the comparison of old persons living in the family and in the institution with regard adjustment. On the basis of aim, researcher formulated two hypotheses i.e, the level of adjustment will be higher in retired old persons living in families than institutionalized retired old persons. Second was the adjustment level will be more in retired old males than retired old females. Four hundred retired old persons belong to both the sexes to various families and institutions, of Aurangabad city. Purposive sampling technique was used for the selection. The age group of all respondents was sixty onwards and some factors as like, financial aspects, educational status, fitness, ward less factors will be matched for the sample selection. The old age adjustment inventory was developed by Shamshad Jasbir for data collection. 2*2 factorial research design was applied and two-way ANOVA was used for analysis of data. Results shown that main effect of area of residence is not significant (F =0.107, df-1, 396).Thus Area of residence has no influence on Adjustment and Second main effect nature of gender is significant i.e male and female retired old persons (F = 106.55, df-1, 396). Thus gender was influence on adjustment. Hence it concluded that there was no significant difference on adjustment of retired old persons living in Families and institutions and the adjustment level was high in male retired old persons than female retired old persons. Justification and details are given in full-length of paper
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ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

DIP: 18.01.062/20140201

DOI: 10.25215/0201.062

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Published in   Volume 02, Issue 1, October-December, 2014

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