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Comparative Study

| Published: June 30, 2019

To Assess the Association Between Selected Demographic Variables with Knowledge Regarding Self-care Activities among the Clients of Myocardial Infarction

Mercy Madan Lal

Assistant Professor, State Institute of Nursing and Paramedical Sciences Badal, Muktsar, Punjab, India Google Scholar More about the auther

, Dr. K Ramu

Principal, Shridevi College of Nursing Tumkur, Karnataka, India Google Scholar More about the auther

, Dr. Madan Lal

Professor and Head of Microbiology, Dr Radhakrishnan Government Medical College Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India Google Scholar More about the auther

DIP: 18.01.086/20190702

DOI: 10.25215/0702.086

ABSTRACT

Health is the most valued and sought virtue with human beings “WHO” in 1948  stated “Health is a state of complete physical mental and social well-being and not merely absence of any disease or infirmity.  WHO sees health as a process of continues adjustments to changing meanings we give to life. It is a dynamic concept. Demographic variables have some influence on health.  Heart disease is the largest killer disease over the globe. In recent years, education has come to be considered as an integral component of health care. The modern trend of health care in every society is considering physical exercises, diet, psychological socio-environment culture, stress management through alternative therapies such as yoga, meditation and another mean of relaxation. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States for men and women of all racial and ethnic group and more people die of cardiovascular disease than of all the type of cancers combined. Myocardial infarction is a chronic life long illness. An earlier study has put forward health guidelines on self-care of myocardial infarction patients. Emphasis was laid on medication, diet, muscles stretching exercise and stress reduction technique. This was done with a view to assessing the effectiveness of health guidelines on health teachings, regular follow up to maintain a healthy active life and successful readjustment by careful planning.

Self-care is a critical component of therapy for persons with myocardial infarction (M.I.). The patient needs to manage his medication, diet, exercise, stress reduction, maintenance of body weight to detect early sign of fluid retention. Those who do not follow the treatment plan & initiate self-care remedies for early sign and symptoms are more likely to be hospitalized for an acute exacerbation 4.  The need was felt in the light of this information to see the association with demographic variables on self-care teaching in Myocardial infarction clients.
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Mercy Madan Lal @ drmadanlal1953@gmail.com

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Article Overview

ISSN 2348-5396

ISSN 2349-3429

18.01.086/20190702

10.25215/0702.086

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Published in   Volume 07, Issue 2, April-June, 2019